Sepsis

Sepsis Overview:

Sepsis is diagnosed in over one million patients each year in the United States (Hall et al., 2011). Furthermore, septicemia treatment resulted in an estimated $20.3 billion or 5.2 percent of the total cost for all hospitalizations and was the most expensive condition treated in the year 2011 (Hall et al., 2011). Not only is sepsis expensive and prevalent, patients diagnosed with sepsis are estimated to have a mortality rate of 28 to 50 percent (Angus, 2001). Learn more from Carl Flatley who founded the Sepsis Alliance after the death of his daughter, Erin.

The risk of mortality and urgency when treating all stages of sepsis, from sepsis to septic shock, drove the development of the three and six hour bundles, which are approved by the National Quality Forum as the first scientifically sound, valid and reliable elements for the care of the septic patient (Dellinger, 2013). These bundles prompt the completion of the indicated tasks within the first three to six hours after the identification of septic symptoms – 100 percent of the time.

What is Sepsis?

Sepsis is the body’s overwhelming and life-threatening response to infection that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death. In other words, it’s your body’s over active and toxic response to an infection.

Your immune system usually works to fight any germs (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites) to prevent infection. If an infection does occur, your immune system will try to fight it, although you may need help with medication such as antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics. However, for reasons researchers don’t understand, sometimes the immune system stops fighting the “invaders,” and begins to turn on itself. This is the start of sepsis.

What Causes Sepsis?

Any type of infection that is anywhere in your body can cause sepsis. It is often associated with infections of the lungs (e.g., pneumonia), urinary tract (e.g., kidney), skin, and gut. An infection occurs when germs enter a person’s body and multiply, causing illness and organ and tissue damage.

Life After Sepsis

What are the first steps in recovery?
After you have had sepsis, rehabilitation usually starts in the hospital by slowly helping you to move around and look after yourself: bathing, sitting up, standing, walking, taking yourself to the restroom, etc. The purpose of rehabilitation is to restore you back to your previous level of health or as close to it as possible. Begin your rehabilitation by building up your activities slowly, and rest when you are tired.

Surviving Sepsis Campaign in Your Institution: Getting Started

The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) partnered with the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) to incorporate its “bundle concept” into the diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. We believe that improvement in the delivery of care should be measured one patient at a time through a series of
incremental steps that will eventually lead to systemic change within institutions and larger healthcare systems.

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  • Sepsis Alliance

    Sepsis has been named as the most expensive in-patient cost in American hospitals in 2014 averaging more than $18,000 per hospital stay. With over 1.5 million sepsis hospital stays in 2014 per year, that works out to costs of $27 billion each year. Studies investigating survival have reported slightly different numbers, but it appears that on average, approximately 30% of patients diagnosed with s...» Full Article
  • Massachusetts Sepsis Consortium

    Every 2 minutes someone dies from sepsis in the U.S. – that’s more than from prostate cancer, breast cancer and AIDS combined. Sepsis is a medical emergency in the Commonwealth and the Massachusetts Sepsis Consortium brings together leading experts and advocates from across the state to raise awareness and save lives. The Massachusetts Sepsis Consortium brings together a group of organizati...» Full Article
  • Global Sepsis Alliance

    Global Sepsis Alliance has produced a library of Sepsis Information Guides on dozens of topics. These guides are high resolution and can be printed and distributed to patients, co-workers, and other professionals. Available guides include Life After Sepsis, Aging, Amputations, Appendicitis, C. difficile, COPD, Cellulitis, Children, Dental Infections, Diabetes, Flu, HAI, HIV/AIDS, Immune System, K...» Full Article
  • The Rory Staunton Foundation for Sepsis

    We established The Rory Staunton Foundation after our son’s death from sepsis in April 2012. Our overriding goal is to ensure that no other child or young adult dies of sepsis resulting from the lack of a speedy diagnosis and immediate medical treatment.Our MissionTo reduce the number of sepsis-caused deaths through:Raising public awareness of sepsis through education and awareness programs to...» Full Article
  • CDC’s Get Ahead of Sepsis Campaign

    Get Ahead of Sepsis is a national effort to improve sepsis early suspicion and recognition and timely treatment, as well as prevent infections that could lead to sepsis.

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