ICU – Intensive Care Unit
Highest level of care, includes all types of intensive care units. Optional specialty designation include: Burn, Cardiothoracic, Coronary Care, Medical, Neurology, Pulmonary, Surgical and Trauma ICU.
Larger medical centers may have more than one ICU. Other hospitals may designate their specialized ICUs with different acronyms. These include:
- CCU – Coronary Care Unit – A unit dedicated to cardiac care. Sometimes designated as: CTU – Cardiothoracic Unit.PICU – Pediatric Intensive Care Unit – An intensive care unit dedicated to and pertaining to Children.
- SICU – Surgical Intensive Care Unit – An intensive care unit dedicated solely to postoperative patients.
- MICU – Medical Intensive Care Unit – Is another designation some hospital use to designate an ICU dedicated to non-postoperative patients.
- NICU – Neonatal Intensive Care Unit – Dedicated specifically to newborns.
- T-SICU – Thoracic Surgery ICU – Intensive care for those patients undergoing heart surgery. Also known as: CSRU – Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit.
Limited to units that provide care for adult patients requiring a lower level of care than critical care units and higher level of care than provided on medical;-surgical units. Examples include progressive care or intermediate care units. Telemetry is not an indicator of acuity level. Optional specialty designation included; Med-Surge, medical or Surgical Step-Down Units. Examples of these include:
- ICCU – Intermediate Cardiac Care Unit – This unit provides specialized cardiac care to patients who do not require the intensive level of care, but who do require cardiac monitoring and a more intensive nursing care than provided in most ward areas.
- VICU – Vascular Intermediate Care Unit – Encompasses a step-down area that provides care for stable post-operative vascular patients, including those undergoing carotid endarterectomies and endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs.
- TCU – Transitional Care Unit – A place where patients are seen and cared for as they transition from Hospital Care to Home Care.
Units that care for adult patients admitted to medical services, such as internal medicine, family practice, or cardiology, Optional specialty designations include: DMT, Cardiac, GI, Infectious Disease, Neurology, Oncology, Renal or Respiratory medical units.
Units that care for adult patients admitted to surgical services, such as general surgery, neurosurgery, or orthopedic. Optional specialty designations include: Bariatric, Cardiothoracic, Gynecology, Neurosurgery, Orthopedic, Plastic Surgery, Transplant or Trauma surgical unit.
Units that care for adults patients admitted to either medical or surgical services. Optional specialty designations include: Cardiac, Neuro/Neurosurgery or Oncology med-surge combined units.
ACU – Acute Care Unit – This term is generally used to designate a non-ICU that provides care to both children and adults. It is similar, in many cases, to a general medical-surgery floor.
HEM-ONC – Hematology-Oncology – A unit for the care and treatment of patients with cancers that affect blood-forming cells (e.g. leukemia, lymphoma) and solid tumors
Telemetry – Similar to a step down unit; containing beds where patients have continued cardiac monitoring.